where is afghanistan located

The first Afghan newspaper was published in 1873,[384] and there are hundreds of print outlets today. The country's highest point is Noshaq, at 7,492 m (24,580 ft) above sea level. The citadel of Alexander in the western city of Herat has been renovated in recent years and is a popular attraction. [418] It is similar to polo, played by horsemen in two teams, each trying to grab and hold a goat carcass. It has been home to various peoples through the ages, among them the ancient Iranian peoples who established the dominant role of Indo-Iranian languages in the region. ", "Chapter 1: Religious Composition of Afghanistan", "Afghanistan: Sikhs rebuilding gurdwaras", "Afghan Jew Becomes Country's One and Only", "International Religious Freedom Report 2009", "Christians in Afghanistan: A Community of Faith and Fear", "Unravelling the Afghan art of carpet weaving", "The Supreme Court Chief Justice Biography", "Corruption Perceptions Index 2016 Results", "Corruption widespread in Afghanistan, UNODC survey says", "Afghanistan president Ashraf Ghani and rival Abdullah Abdullah reach power-sharing deal", "Afghan president and rival strike power-sharing deal after feuding for months", "Loya jirga approves U.S.-Afghan security deal; asks Karzai to sign", "Karzai Gets New Term as Afghan Runoff is Scrapped", "RAWA Photo Gallery: They are Responsible for Afghanistan's Tragedy", https://www.boell.de/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_s_Parliament_in_the_Making-Endf.pdf, "Women in Parliaments: World Classification", "Afghanistan sees new political parties form", "For Afghan Officials, Prospect of Death Comes With Territory", "Explaining Elections, Independent Election Commission of Afghanistan", "An Assessment of Afghanistan's Municipal Governance Framework", "Hillary Clinton says Afghanistan 'major non-Nato ally, "Security Council endorses establishment of UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan for initial 12-month period", "Resolute Support Mission: Key Facts and Figures", "Afghan National Security Forces Order of Battle", "Afghanistan's dysfunctional security agencies", "Afghanistan Descends 3 Points on Press Freedom Index", "Afghan journalists 'face increasing attacks and threats' – report", "Violence Against Journalists Surges in Afghanistan in 2017", "Afghanistan: No Country for Women | International Women's Day | Al Jazeera", "240 cases of honor killing recorded in Afghanistan", "AIHRC: 400 rape, honor killings registered in Afghanistan in 2 years", "The LGBT community living under threat of death", "LGBT relationships are illegal in 74 countries, research finds", "The revised Afghanistan criminal code: an end for Bacha Bazi? He was known as the Iron Amir for his features and his ruthless methods against tribes. [13] Settled life emerged in the region 9,000 years ago, evolving gradually into the Indus civilization (Shortugai site), the Oxus civilization (Dashlyji site), and the Helmand civilization (Mundigak site) of the 3rd millennium BCE. The northern plains region, north of the central highlands, extends eastward from the Iranian border to the foothills of the Pamirs, near the border with Tajikistan. [186], Several types of mammals exist throughout Afghanistan. Definition: This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. The rest is provided to non-budgetary expenditure and donor-designated projects through the United Nations system and non-governmental organizations.[269]. Its overall area is roughly twice that of Norway. Serious traffic accidents are common on Afghan roads and highways, particularly on the Kabul–Kandahar and the Kabul–Jalalabad Road. An inscription on the tombstone of Darius I of Persia mentions the Kabul Valley in a list of the 29 countries that he had conquered. [219], On 17 May 2020, President Ashraf Ghani reached a power-sharing deal with his rival from presidential elections, Abdullah Abdullah, deciding on who would manage the respected key ministries. Officially known as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Afghanistan is a landlocked country located in South-Central Asia. However, the 2009 presidential election was characterized by lack of security, low voter turnout, and widespread electoral fraud, ending in Karzai's reelection. [305] However electricity is not always reliable and blackouts happen, including in Kabul. The country is further divided into nearly 400 provincial districts, each of which normally covers a city or several villages. The ethnicities are represented on the table on the right. The Afghan Armed Forces are under the Ministry of Defense, which includes the Afghan Air Force (AAF) and the Afghan National Army (ANA). In the last quarter of the 20th century, Afghanistan suffered the ruinous effects of civil war greatly exacerbated by a military invasion and occupation by the Soviet Union (1979–89). Several large rivers cross the southwestern plateau; among them are the Helmand River and its major tributary, the Arghandāb. Afghanistan is a l andlocked country in Central-South Asia. [236] Each province is the size of a U.S. county, having a governor and a capital. The country is the 40th largest in the world in size. Humans lived in what is now Afghanistan at least 50,000 years ago. This is one of the lowest figures in the world; in Asia it is only higher than Cambodia, Nepal and Sri Lanka. There are over 16,000 schools in the country and roughly 9 million students. In the mid-to-late first century CE the vast Kushan Empire, centered in Afghanistan, became great patrons of Buddhist culture, making Buddhism flourish throughout the region. The root name "Afghān" is, according to some scholars, derived from the name of the Aśvakan or Assakan, ancient inhabitants of the Hindu Kush region. After his death, they rebelled and divided up the provinces of the empire between themselves. In Afghanistan: Ethnic groups. The country is called Afghānistān in Pashto and Afghānestān in Dari. [170] The renowned Urdu poet Muhammad Allama Iqbal once wrote about the country:.mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}. [56] Between the 16th and 18th century, the Uzbek Khanate of Bukhara, Iranian Safavids, and Indian Mughals ruled parts of the territory. Khushal Khan Khattak of the 17th century is considered the national poet. [358] Afghan culture is deeply Islamic,[359] but pre-Islamic practices persist. The smaller Mārgow Desert of salt flats and desolate steppe lies west of Rīgestān. [71] The Iron Amir viewed railway and telegraph lines coming from the Russian and British empires as "trojan horses" and therefore prevented railway development in Afghanistan.

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