why should safety stands be placed under a raised vehicle

Forklifts also are classed as work equipment. We recommend choosing a jack rated at roughly the same capacity as the curb weight of the vehicle it is lifting. The charts below outlines some popular car jacks, ramps, jack stands and other lifting equipment available from NAPA AUTO PARTS. A car fell off a two post lift, killing the mechanic working below. As long as the stands are put under the car properly with all the legs on the ground and placed where the car can't slide/rock (I suggest using a part … Do not stand directly in front of a vehicle being driven onto a rack or lift, or into a wash or lube bay. A tyre fitter went to change six tyres on a school coach parked on a sloping car park. Watch for employees working in the same area. Instead, they provide a safe, fixed support for a raised vehicle. Stands should only be used on hard and level surfaces and only for the vehicles that are within the … 1st March 2018 If the vehicle wobbles, stop immediately and reposition the problem jack stand before crawling under the vehicle. 22. If your intention is to raise both ends, jack the diff up first and set it on stands, as the diff’s round axle tubes will more easily rotate atop the stands to account for the change in angle as the front is raised. Once in position raise the stands to the correct height (ensuring that the locking pin/lever is in the correct place, then slowly lower the jack so the weight of the car is resting on the stand/s. Vehicles must be kept safe and fit for purpose and the driver must be able to get in and out of the vehicle safely. Don't try to adjust the ride height of air suspension for the purpose of recovery or repair. OSHA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), (2004). Electronic safety systems Anti-lock Brakes (ABS) helps you keep control of the car in an emergency and have been a standard feature of all new cars since 2004. That way, it won't fall down when the weight of your vehicle is placed on it. 7. Never crawl beneath a vehicle fitted with air suspension unless it is properly supported. This is especially important if the car’s wheels at the opposite end have been chocked or one end of the vehicle is already sitting on stands, as the car then cannot roll. Nick Palermo is a freelance automotive writer and NAPA Know How blogger. Jack the car to the desired height. Floor jacks use rubber o rings to assist in sealing the compression cylinder. Both rear nearside wheels and one offside wheel had been removed and he was in the process of jacking it up when it fell onto his head and chest, killing him. If you are using a trolley jack ensure that it is free to roll as the car is raised. Tester[/b] In particular, you should consider the following issues (more detail can be found in HSG261). There are saddle shaped tops on jack stands, which are designed to support the vehicle axle. Always place the safety pin in your jack stand, or else the vehicle could fall on top of you while you're underneath it. A transmission jack slides neatly under the transmission to safely drop it from a vehicle. Jack stands: Jack stands may be the most overlooked safety equipment items in a DIY garage. An almost identical accident, again involving a trainee working with an experienced fitter, happened three years earlier at a different company. He told me he mustered some previously unknown strength to lift a corner of the car off of himself and slide out from under it. Jack stands do not lift vehicles. Never go under a vehicle that is supported only by a jack. Jack and support a car Making sure a forklift is functioning as it should it the vital first step in ensuring employee safety. The arms did not lock and the lifting pads were damaged or missing. *Add closed height to lift distance to determine total raised height. It's much bigger than the base of the stand, and is flat against the ground and the top surface is flat for the stand to sit on. A worker was standing at the end of a raised four post lift and pulled the car towards him. Do not work on the vehicle while it is being raised or lowered. A couple weeks ago I heard someone on the radio show mention supporting a vehicle with four jack stands, one at each “corner”, apparently by lifting one end with a jack, placing two stands, then doing the same at the other end. Since becoming an auto news and reviews contributor at AutoTrader.com in 2011, he has broadened his coverage of the automotive industry to include topics like new car technology, antiques and classics, DIY maintenance and repair, industry news and motorsports. Two men were using a chain block suspended from a gantry to remove an engine from a vehicle. High-quality jacks, jack stands or ramps can keep you safe whether you’re replacing a clutch or just sliding under a vehicle for a quick visual inspection. There were no end-stops on the lift and he was unable to stop it falling off the lift onto him. Our huge range of Safety Signs are designed to meet local and government regulations and we supply sign products to schools, construction, & building, warehouse, office and workplace environments. Is that too much weight for the stand? Adding Jack stands will also add stability, this provides even more safety in the event someone bumps into the vehicle … On older style in ground hoists there is usually only one safety latch. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. These normally require a bit of prep for installation, but can be well worth the expense due to the convenience factor. They were not following a safe system of work. put your phone away. Required fields are marked *. This is what locks in the air, and they are a known failure point. The stands will not tip if you are careful and if you are doing this on a solid surface. Otherwise, the results could be disastrous. Do not lower the lift to rest on supporting jacks. Ramps: Ramps are a safe alternative to jacks and jack stands because they provide large, solid points of contact that are unlikely to fail. If that's the case then you need to find another solid point under the car to position the stands. Don't work beneath a vehicle with air suspension unless you prop it first. The trolley jack is used to raise the vehicle and axle stands are placed at the points on your vehicles body to support it in the raised position. We’ve put together this car jack and jack stands guide to help you understand the different options available for getting your vehicle off the ground. Bottle jacks: Bottle jacks are more compact than floor jacks and are often rated for heavier weights than similarly priced floor jacks. Due to permanent injuries, he could no longer make a living working on cars. i would hate for it to crack and drop the stand to the ground with me under the car. THINK! HSE aims to reduce work-related death, injury and ill health. A floor jack has wheels and will slide as the lifting arm extends. And if you need stands that really get your car high in the air for an extended project, four AFF 10-ton Single Jack Stands can support a total of 10 tons each. Never work under a vehicle on a hoist, that the safety latch is not engaged. Although this should identify problems, it is not a replacement for regular in-house checks and maintenance (in the same way that you shouldn't rely on an MOT to keep your vehicle in good order), Other lifting equipment (eg trolley and bottle jacks, engine hoist, vehicle mounted cranes) should be similarly examined every twelve months by a competent person (and Report of Thorough Examination issued), Lifting accessories (eg chains and web slings) should be examined every six months by a competent person (and Report of Thorough Examination issued), Other equipment which are critical for safely supporting loads such as props (for cabs and trailers) and axle stands should be inspected every 12 months by a competent person, Make sure the ground if firm and level before raising a vehicle, If the area is unsuitable then move the vehicle to a safer place before any attempt is made to lift it to undertake any repairs. Raise or lower the stands as needed to achieve the desired undercar clearance, then lower the jack until the weight of the vehicle is resting on the stands. Safe Vehicle Lifting: Car Jack and Jack Stands Guide, NAPA Lifting Equipment 3.5-ton Floor Jack, Owatonna Tool Company 3-ton Jack Stands (pair), NAPA Lifting Equipment 4-ton Jack Stands (pair), Failing Oil Pressure Sensor? Yet these safety features don’t work if they’re not engaged – so make sure you use them before starting work on the vehicle. If you need to remove a wheel to replace brake pads, for example, a ramp does you no good. That’ll keep the wheels from spinning while you turn the lug wrench once the car’s raised. The accident was totally preventable, though. If your company requires a logged inspection for liability reasons, use an app like MaintainX . If there is no prop fitted or if one is fitted but you are unsure it will be effective, then provide your own additional support. For regular lifting around the shop or garage, a quality floor jack is an essential tool. Once the front is lifted, position and adjust the jack stands under the main frame, bulk head or pinch welds of the vehicle. If you’re using jack stands, place them near the jack. Lifting plant and equipment can cause accidents if they are used unsafely or poorly maintained. This will give the vehicle’s jack point plenty of surface area on which to rest. If you’re going to do anything under a lifted vehicle, it must be supported by jack stands. Once things get a bit more serious it may be worth investing in a 2-post lift or a 4-post lift. If given a load to handle and someone is required to hold or position the load while the lift truck is moving – STOP. Our jack and jack stands buyer’s guide explains how to choose lifting equipment that’s right for your needs. When the time comes to remove them, raise the vehicle slightly with a jack, remove the jack stands and lower the vehicle. There is something wrong. If you do a lot of heavy wrenching, a specialty lift is a great way to get the job done quickly and safely. © Copyright National Automotive Parts Association. Otherwise, the results could be disastrous. A committed advocate for automotive media professionals, Nick is a member of the Greater Atlanta Automotive Media Association. That’s why safety stands … Jack up your vehicle to your desired working height. A trainee HGV fitter, working with an experienced mechanic, was fatally crushed when an HGV slipped from a hydraulic jack. Do not rock a vehicle on a lift. Simply jack up the vehicle and lower it onto the jack stand or stands. For more information on working under buses and coaches fitted with air suspension see Safe recovery (and repair) of buses and coaches fitted with air suspension. Instead, they provide a safe, fixed support for a raised vehicle. Once a vehicle is jacked up the stands are put in place and the vehicle is lowered onto the stands. Axle stands were available but not used. For more information on buying the right jack and jack stands, chat with a knowledgeable expert at your local NAPA AUTO PARTS store. Automotive expertise from NAPA AUTO PARTS. Use a pair of jack stands every time you lift a vehicle and you will vastly decrease the likelihood of becoming a victim of a falling vehicle. Once you have raised your vehicles, placing Jack stand under the vehicle at the appropriate points will help share the loads and provide a safety mechanism, should the jack fail. Motor Vehicle Safety Facts. Always prop cabs, trailers etc that could drop under their own weight. Health and Safety Executive Working safely under motor vehicles being repaired Check equipment regularly and get it inspected A worker was standing at the end of a raised four-post lift and pulled the car towards him. Thus, we have consulted Holy Writ and compiled “ The Ten Commandments of Lifting Thy Chariot, ” which translates in the modern tongue, “How to lift and support your car safely.” On the rear, raise the vehicle enough so that the jackstands sit under the rear axle and when lowered the tires are off the ground. On the front, raise it enough so a jackstand can be placed under the lower control arm so when lowered the tire is off the ground. Raise the vehicle one corner at a time. Choose a floor jack with a lifting pad that’s at least two inches in diameter. Ramps are not as versatile as jacks and jack stands, though. Jack stands are important tools that keep a vehicle propped up after having used a floor jack, like a scissor jack or a hydraulic jack, to lift a vehicle.Once the vehicle is lifted enough to fit the jack stands on a solid part of the car underneath it, like the chassis, they can be carefully fitted and tested by hand for sturdiness, at which point the jack can be removed. A mechanic by trade, Ken was wrenching on a personal vehicle in the driveway one weekend when he became a victim of a nightmarish scene. While your vehicle may be equipped with a jack, it was never designed to be used for anything but an emergency. OSHA in partnership with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) launched a promotional campaign, "Every Belt - Every Ride" at the National Safety Congress. Floor jacks: A jack that comes with a vehicle’s spare tire changing kit is not suitable for use in other applications. Cleaning/degreasing substances including valeting, Harmful dusts - Inhalation and Dermatitis risks, Safety in the use of two-post vehicle lifts, Measuring paint spray booth clearance time, Repair or recovery of buses and coaches fitted with air suspension, Make sure lifting equipment is correctly installed, Maintain lifting equipment and train operators to use it correctly, Check equipment regularly and get it inspected, Defective locking devices identified on modern 2-post lifts, Risk of vehicles falling off two-post vehicle lifts in motor vehicle repair (MVR), Safe recovery (and repair) of buses and coaches fitted with air suspension, Work equipment and machinery - free leaflets, Make sure there are safe working procedures in place when moving heavy loads, particularly when they are raised, Use the correct pins for axle stands - screwdrivers, nails and bolts are not acceptable, Use stands on a hard, level surface eg concrete and avoid lifting on sloping ground, Securely chock wheels remaining on the ground, Make sure that all lifting points for jacks and stands are correct for that vehicle - consult the vehicle manufacturer's handbook for guidance, Ensure that vehicles are always properly supported - do not rely on jacks alone, Once installed, the lift must be tested before it is used by a competent person, who will issue a certificate, Regularly check the fixing bolts with a torque wrench to ensure they remain tight, Vehicle lifts need to be kept in good order.

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